Here’s my latest IN THE SPOOKLIGHT column, published in the April 2016 edition of THE OFFICIAL NEWSLETTER OF THE HORROR WRITERS ASSOCIATION. It’s on the Hammer Film THE TWO FACES OF DR. JEKYLL (1960). Enjoy!
When Hammer Films struck gold with their horror hits THE CURSE OF FRANKENSTEIN (1957) and HORROR OF DRACULA (1958), remakes of the iconic classics FRANKENSTEIN (1931) and DRACULA (1931) it was for a number of reasons, but chief amongst them was each film made changes to the original versions that blew audiences away.
In THE CURSE OF FRANKENSTEIN, Peter Cushing shocked audiences with his villainous portrayal of Baron Frankenstein, and in HORROR OF DRACULA, Christopher Lee terrified viewers with his explosively violent portrayal of Count Dracula. For some reason, in their subsequent remakes, Hammer wasn’t able to duplicate these impressive improvements, and so, while their handsome productions would continue to look good and genuinely entertain, they never seemed to regain that edge which their first two remakes possessed.
Take THE TWO FACES OF DR. JEKYLL (1960) for example. This is yet another very good looking Hammer Film, directed by their top director Terence Fisher, and it even features Christopher Lee in a supporting role, but at the end of the day, while modestly entertaining, THE TWO FACES OF DR. JEKYLL remains vastly inferior to the versions which came before it, the 1932 version DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE, in which Fredric March won an Oscar for his performance in the lead dual role, and the 1941 DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE starring Spencer Tracy.
The gimmick Hammer uses here in TWO FACES is that when Jekyll turns into Hyde, he doesn’t become a hideous looking monster but an extremely handsome gentleman. Yet, in spite of his looks, Mr. Hyde is still a sinister being. Now, this tweak to the story in itself is rather interesting, and I have no problem with it. However, the problem here isn’t the tweak, but the fact the the evil Mr. Hyde in this movie, played by Paul Massie, pales in comparison to the previous dark interpretations by Fredric March and Spencer Tracy.
Both March’s and Tracy’s performance remain disturbing today. While I like both performances and both versions a lot, I’ve always given the Tracy version a slight edge because Tracy instills such an abhorrent evil in his Hyde that I still find this movie difficult to watch, even today. I always feel like I need to shower after watching it. The way he torments Ingrid Bergman’s Ivy is horrifying and unpleasant.
Paul Massie doesn’t come close to matching the intensity of either March or Tracy with his performance as Mr. Hyde. He’s even worse as Dr. Jekyll. Spencer Tracy makes Dr. Jekyll such a heroic figure it’s almost impossible to believe that Mr. Hyde could emanate from him. Massie’s Jekyll is a boring bearded scientist who speaks and looks like he’s spent the last several years living in a cave.
The script by Wolf Mankowitz doesn’t help matters. As Hammer Films often did, the story is simplified, and characters condensed. Instead of having Jekyll and Hyde deal with both a wife and a mistress, in this version he only has a wife Kitty (Dawn Addams), who happens to be someone else’s mistress! Yep, she’s having an affair with the unscrupulous Paul Allen (Christopher Lee). Now, not only is Allen sleeping with Jekyll’s wife, but he’s also living off Jekyll’s money, as he keeps asking for handouts which he doesn’t pay back, and Jekyll is fool enough to keep paying him!
As you can see, Jekyll in this movie is sort of a clueless dolt, and he’s not particularly sympathetic. Worse yet, when Mr. Hyde comes along and decides he’s going to steal Kitty away from Allen, he’s a miserable failure at it! Some evil villain! Sure, eventually he exacts his revenge against these two, but compared to March’s and Tracy’s Hyde, this guy’s a pussycat.
Sadly, the story here is all rather boring, and the characters don’t help. Both Kitty and Paul Allen are unlikable, Dr. Jekyll is a sad sack who deserves his fate, and Mr. Hyde is as ineffective a villain as Wile E. Coyote! None of these folks have much to do. The only thing on Hyde’s agenda here is disrupting the adulterous relationship between Kitty and Paul Allen, and he’s not terribly successful at it.
Director Terence Fisher who usually crafts at least one memorable scene in each of his films fires blanks with this one. And the pacing is dreadfully slow. For example, one of the first scenes is a long drawn out scene of exposition dialogue between Jekyll and one of his colleagues that seems to go on forever and really gets the film off to a molasses-like start.
Christopher Lee fares the best here with his supporting role as Paul Allen. First of all, it’s a rare time that Lee isn’t playing the villain, the hero, or some pompous snobby type. He’s a handsome cad here, who prides himself on how much fun he can have at other people’s expense, and when he first meets Hyde, the two naturally become friends, until later when Hyde turns against him.
It’s also a chance to see just how handsome Christopher Lee was. When we think of Lee we think of red bloodshot eyes and hissing fangs, but without his Dracula make-up, he was quite the handsome man. He’s rarely looked as dashing as he does here in THE TWO FACES OF DR. JEKYLL.
Lee also gives the character of Paul Allen some depth. He gives the guy an undercurrent of conscience. He doesn’t like Hyde the more he gets to know him, nor does he really treat Kitty all that badly. He genuinely seems to have feelings for her. In a strange way, Paul Allen may be the most likable character in the movie.
Another fun part about THE TWO FACES OF DR. JEKYLL is a young Oliver Reed shows up in a pre-THE CURSE OF THE WEREWOLF (1961) performance in an unbilled bit as a bouncer. He gets to confront both Hyde and Paul Allen before being promptly thrashed by the both of them. It’s fun to see Lee and Reed in the same scene.
But other than Lee’s performance and Reed’s one scene, there’s not a whole lot to be excited about concerning THE TWO FACES OF DR. JEKYLL. The whole film plays like DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE LITE. And that’s really the biggest problem with this movie. It doesn’t come close to duplicating the effectiveness of the previous JEKYLL AND HYDE movies. It doesn’t contain the powerhouse performances of Fredric March and Spencer Tracy, nor does it have the same disturbing story the previous versions tell.
THE TWO FACES OF DR. JEKYLL is as good looking and well-produced a Hammer Film as any, but in this case, without anything extra special to lift it above the prior versions of this Robert Louis Stevenson tale, it’s simply not enough.
And that’s because in this movie the two faces of Dr. Jekyll are neither heroic nor monstrous, and as a result not at all memorable.